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LORAN STATION JOHNSTON ISLAND

LORAN A:
16 44 42.74 N 169 30 46.29 W (1960 Mercury Datum)

LORAN C:
16 44.8N - 169 30.5W (Oct 1, 1964)
16 44 43.950 N 169 30 31.200 W (WGS-72)
16 44 44.093 N 169 30 30.646 W (WGS-84)

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Fact Sheet:



Site Survey:



LORAN A:

LORAN C: 9 OCT – 6 NOV 1959 Sand Island

Construction Date



LORAN A: APR 1957 – NOV 1957 – Johnston Island

LORAN A/C:

Constructed by:

 
Established:

LORAN A: 1 NOV 1957 – Station commissioned – Johnston Island

Disestablished:



LORAN A: 30 JUN 1979

LORAN C: 01 JUL 1992

Operated by:

USCG

Chain:




LORAN A:  HAWAIIAN

LORAN C: SH-4, HAWAIIAN
S-1, 4990 CENTRAL PACIFIC
Station Letter designation:



LORAN A: “O”

LORAN C: MASTER

Station code name:



LORAN A: ELMO 14

LORAN C: DOOR V

Station Unit &
or Accounting Number:



1960 - APO - 105
1961 - 14-350545
APO SF 96305
14-40156

Radio Call Sign:


NRO - LORAN C Net
1960 Johnston Island HAM - KJ6BV

Station nickname:


On-air testing date:

LORAN A: NOV 1957 (Johnston Island)

Operational date:



LORAN A: 08 JAN 1958 (Johnston Island)

LORAN C: 011000Z JUL 1961

Operations Ceased:



LORAN A: 30 JUN 1979

LORAN C: 31 DEC 1992

Station Operation:



LORAN A: Single SLAVE/SECONDARY

LORAN C: MASTER

Station pair:



LORAN A: FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS

LORAN C: KURE, UPOLO POINT

Loran Rate:



LORAN A: 2L7

LORAN C: SH-4, S-1, 4990

On-Air:




LORAN A:  2L7, 8 JAN 1958

LORAN C: SH-4, 011000Z JUL 1961
S-1, 1969
4990, 25 FEB 1975

Off-Air






LORAN A:
2L7, 302400Z JUN 1979

LORAN C:: SH-4, 1969
S-1, 25 FEB 1975
4990, 302400Z JUN 1992

Monitor Rate:

2L6, FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS & KAUAI

Equipment:






LORAN A:

LORAN C:
1961: AN/FPN-41/42, 300KW
Mid 70's - AN/FPN-54, AN/FPN-60, LRE
Mid 80's: AN/FPN-42, 225KW

Antenna Type:



LORAN A: 180 ft Transmission Tower

LORAN C: 625ft TLM, Stainless Inc, Model 1300, 1961 - 03 DEC 1992 demolished

Personnel Allowance:

 

Station Mascot:

1961 - Bo and Jeff

Miscellaneous:





















LORAN A:
NOV 1954 – A site survey was on LAYSAN for LORAN A which was constructed on JOHNSTON ISLAND.
APR – NOV 1957 Code name for shipments “GIFTS”
1 NOV 1957 Loran A Station commissioned however delay on air due to tube storage located on Johnston Island.

LORAN A/C:
10 DEC 1959 – Formal permission granted from Secretary of Defense for use of Sand Island.
06 SEP 1960 Site Survey declassified
Other sites considered LISIANSKI, FRENCH FRIATE SHOALS or LAYSAN under the code name DOOR V.
01 APR 1961 – LORAN A transmitting station relocated to Sand Island
01 JUL 1961 – A/C station located on Sand Island.
1962 - FISHBOWL - showed that Nuclear explosions affected the "D" layer some 5000 miles distance
1971 - 1972 Xfer gas from Okinawa
1976 - Station crew moved into AF barracks on Sand Island and commuted to station

LORAN C:
AUG 1984 - Station Personnel evacuated from station because of a typhoon.
03 DEC 1992 - Tower Demolished

Commanding Officers /
Officers in Charge


























LORAN A - Johnston Island
1st CO: LTJG Mitchell Y. Suzich 01 NOV 1957 – 28 MAR 1958
2nd CO: LTJG/LT J. F. Culbertson 28 MAR 1958 – 18 MAR 1959
3rd CO: LTJG/LT William G. Hicks 18 MAR 1959 – 26 MAR1960
Last CO: LTJG William  E. Morris 26 MAR 1960 – 28 MAR 1961 - (on Johnston Is.)

LORAN A/C – Sand Island
1st CO: LTJG Ernest B. Acklin 28 MAR 1961 – 28 MAR 1962
2nd CO: LTJG Paul Welling 28 MAR 1962 – 31 MAR 1963
3rd CO: LTJG William Hayes 31 MAR 1963 – 6 APR 1964
4th CO: LTJG Peter N. Thurman 6 APR 1964 - 1965
CO: LTJG Harry Allen
CO: LTJG John Miner 1971 - 1972
CO: LTJG James B. Clarke 1972 – 1973
CO: LTJG Donald Troutt 1973 - AUG 1973
CO: LT Enstrom AUG 1973 - 1974
CO: LTJG John Larned 1974 - NOV 1975
CO: LTJG David J. Wallace NOV 1975 - MAY 1976
CO: CWO Irv Gaines MAY 1976 -

LORAN C:
CO: CWO Ken Porter 1980 - FEB 1981
CO: CWO Coleman M Ray FEB 1981 - 1982
CO: CWO Gary Schenk 1983 - 1984
CO: CWO Roger Shell 1984 – 1985
CO: CWO Brad Waldron 1985 – 1986
CO: CWO Charles Knight 1987 - 1988
Last CO: CWO Terrance J. Brennan 1992 - 1993

CO: CWO Ray Stillman
CO: CWO Tom Hoskins

Fred's Place Reunion Hall: OLD NEW

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The articles below describe what life was for some on a Loran Station.  This was written by ET3 Charles N Hill (1963-64).  Ed Stewart sent on...

ET3 Charles Hill email to Mr. Stewart in 2007 - (pdf)  Recommend reading first and then the poem.

Documents:

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29 MAY 1959 - LORAN C Conference Concerning Johnston Island site location - pdf
10 JUN 1959 - Army/Navy MOU - pdf
10 AUG 1959 - Aeronautical Study - pdf
15 FEB 1960 - DOOR Johnston Island - pdf
17 FEB 1960 - Boat Trailer Procurment - pdf
11 MAY 1961 - Establishment of LORAN C Central Pacific - pdf
221416Z OCT 1964 - Notification of O-451 Oscillator Shipment - pdf

Pictures

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Google Earth - Loran Station Johnson Island

Picture from google earth.

Loran Station Johnson Island

The below photos contributed by A.A. Rossi c./1964

CG LORSTA and USAF spy camera crew weekend cookout - Sand Island, Johnson Island 1965

Myself Myself driving a GO-KART we fabricated from parts and lawn mower engine Sand Island, Johnson Island  -1965

Myself getting some rays in front of the CO/XO Quarters Johnson Island, LORSTA  1965

Thanks Al!

The following photos were contributed by Randy Fielding c./1974

Aerial view of Sand Island

Unit Sign

AN/URT-17 HF Comms Transmitters

Comms Console

Teletype Machines

LORAN A AN/FPN-30 Timers and Monitor Recorders

LORAN C AN/FPN-41 Timers

LORAN C Monitors, Recorders - in the middle is the Timing Rack
(Primary timing kept with use of Cesium Standards)

Thanks Randy!

The below photos are located on Fred's Place
John Schaal contribute c./1966 - 67

1966 Crew

1967 Aerial view

1967 - Pig Roast

1967 Disable sailboat

Mechanical Building from the mast

The Mess Hall

Station Patch - c./1974
Found on Fred's Place
Submitted by Stan Albrechtsen

The below were contributed by Gary Olson c./1973 -74

Thanks Gary!

The below photos were contributed by Phil Sorensen
The photos are of the original station on Johnston Island c./1960

Thanks Phil!

Station Hat
Contributed by Don Perillo

Thanks Don!

The below photo was contributed by Tom Beatty c./1971

Caught off of the Island

Thanks Tom!

Audio and Video

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The following videos are from Ralph J. Reyes from his year on the island.

1972 Spring time comms

1971-1972 at Loran Station Johnston Island

Thanks Ralph!

  

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