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LORAN STATION ST. MATTHEW

Station Information

Site Survey: SEP 1942
APR - OCT 1944 - USC&GS surveyed by first order astronomic observation
 
Construction Date: JUN - SEP 1943
 
Constructed by: Construction Detachment "A"
 
Established:
Commissioned:
SEP 1943


Disestablished: OCT 1946
 
Operated by:

USCG
Station Unit Identifier:

USCG Unit 05
Mail address:
 
Station code name:

MIKE
Personnel Allowance: 1943 - 1 Officer, 23 Enlisted

Station Mascot:

Miscellaneous: 15 SEP 1942 - U.S. Army established a Weather Station on St. Matthew

28 JAN 1943 - CNO directed the CG to establish a Loran chain in the BERING SEA. St. Matthew - St. Paul - Umnak

1943 - One year rotation established.

1943 - First station the decision was made that loran stations were expendable.

17 JUN 1943 - USCGC CLOVER departed Dutch Harbor with building supplies.

Fall 1943 - During the testing period, five enlisted set out from the loran station in a small surfboat for a trip along the shoreline to the Army Weather Station about 9 miles away to pickup a small gasoline engine generator. The men, the boat and all equipment disappeared without a trace, despitethe fact that the sea was calm and that they had orders to remain within 200 yards of the shore. Search parties failed to find any clue other than a 5-gallon oil can which was known to have been in the boat.

The men lost:
HAGLUND, Floyd O. (220-806) RM1c
BREIMO, Elmer O. (538-963) Cox. (R)
MACLEAN, Thomas L. (636-878) Sea.1c (R)
SCHMOLL, Kenneth H. (506-786) RM3c (R)
HAGEN, Edward C. (584-147) RM3c

1943 - The U.S. Army consolidated their quarters with the loran station 9 miles west of the station.

1944 - The U.S. Coast Guard released 5 male and 24 female reindeer. The herd number some 6000 in 1963.

Photo ca.1963 of the station can be found at http://www.alaskaanthropology.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Vol 2 1-2-Article-6-Griffin.pdf The article is also in the documents.

Commanding Officers: 1943 - 1944
1944 - 1945 ENS Eugene T. Barwick (? - 07 JAN)
1945 - 1945 ENS Albert J. Christman (07 JAN - 27 NOV)
1945 - 1946 LTJG Ellsworth O. Swett 27 NOV - OCT)

Station Operations

LORAN-A

60 21 30 N - 172 42 56 W
60 21 35.46 N - 172 42 53.11 W (Approx. Google Earth)

Chain: BERING SEA
 
Station Letter designation: 1L1 "M"
 
Radio Call Sign:  
 
Declared Operational date: 10 JUL 1944
 
Operations Ceased: OCT 1946
 
Station Operation: Single SLAVE (SS) 
 
Station pair:
Loran rate:
Coding delay:
Baseline:

ST. MATTHEW (S) - ST. PAUL (M)
1L1

Approx. 205 nautical miles

On-air testing date: 11 SEP 1943

18 OCT 1943 - 10 Hour Service
10 NOV 1943 - 16 Hour Service
01 JAN 1944 - 22 Hour Service
 
On-Air: 10 JUL 1944 - 24 Hour service
 
Off-Air: OCT 1946
 
Equipment:  
 
Antenna: "T"
 

Awards:

U.S. Coast Guard Restricted Duty Ribbon

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Documents:

A History of Human Land Use on St. Matthew Island, Alaska - pdf

Pictures:

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image from Google Earth