LORAN STATION ST. MATTHEW
|Site Survey:||SEP 1942
APR - OCT 1944 - USC&GS surveyed by first order astronomic observation
|Construction Date:||JUN - SEP 1943
|Constructed by:||Construction Detachment "A"
| Operated by:
| Station Unit Identifier:
||USCG Unit 05
| Station code name:
|Personnel Allowance:||1943 - 1 Officer, 23 Enlisted
|Miscellaneous:||15 SEP 1942 - U.S. Army established a Weather Station on St. Matthew
28 JAN 1943 - CNO directed the CG to establish a Loran chain in the BERING SEA. St. Matthew - St. Paul - Umnak
1943 - One year rotation established.
1943 - First station the decision was made that loran stations were expendable.
17 JUN 1943 - USCGC CLOVER departed Dutch Harbor with building supplies.
Fall 1943 - During the testing period, five enlisted set out from the loran station in a small surfboat for a trip along the shoreline to the Army Weather Station about 9 miles away to pickup a small gasoline engine generator. The men, the boat and all equipment disappeared without a trace, despitethe fact that the sea was calm and that they had orders to remain within 200 yards of the shore. Search parties failed to find any clue other than a 5-gallon oil can which was known to have been in the boat.
The men lost:
HAGLUND, Floyd O. (220-806) RM1c
BREIMO, Elmer O. (538-963) Cox. (R)
MACLEAN, Thomas L. (636-878) Sea.1c (R)
SCHMOLL, Kenneth H. (506-786) RM3c (R)
HAGEN, Edward C. (584-147) RM3c
1943 - The U.S. Army consolidated their quarters with the loran station 9 miles west of the station.
1944 - The U.S. Coast Guard released 5 male and 24 female reindeer. The herd number some 6000 in 1963.
Photo ca.1963 of the station can be found at http://www.alaskaanthropology.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Vol 2 1-2-Article-6-Griffin.pdf The article is also in the documents.
|Commanding Officers:||1943 - 1944
1944 - 1945 ENS Eugene T. Barwick (? - 07 JAN)
1945 - 1945 ENS Albert J. Christman (07 JAN - 27 NOV)
1945 - 1946 LTJG Ellsworth O. Swett 27 NOV - OCT)
60 21 30 N - 172 42 56 W
60 21 35.46 N
- 172 42 53.11 W (Approx. Google Earth)
|Station Letter designation:||1L1 "M"
|Radio Call Sign:||
|Declared Operational date:||10 JUL 1944
|Operations Ceased:||OCT 1946
|Station Operation:||Single SLAVE (SS)
ST. MATTHEW (S) - ST. PAUL (M)
Approx. 205 nautical miles
|On-air testing date:||11 SEP 1943
18 OCT 1943 - 10 Hour Service
10 NOV 1943 - 16 Hour Service
01 JAN 1944 - 22 Hour Service
|On-Air:||10 JUL 1944 - 24 Hour service