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LORAN STATION KWAJALEIN
09 01 16 N 167 43 45 E (1948 Op Data Report KWADACK)
08 00 52.35 N 167 43 52.42 E (hand written on 1948 Op Data Report KWADACK)
08 46 25.59 N 167 44 19.11 E
(1960 Mercury Datum)

Pictures

Fact Sheet

Site Survey:

KWADACK - FEB 1944

Construction Date:

KWADACK:
11 JUL 1944 - 9 CG enlisted started to clear the site of brush
06 AUG - SEP 1944
16 DEC 1944 - Station commissioned and turnover to 14th District
EBEYE:
JUL - 07 DEC 1954 Station rebuilt
1967 - JUL 1967 - Station rehabilitation

Constructed by:

1944 - CONSTRUCTION DET A KWADACK
FALL 1950 - Bryne Company commenced to construct new station on EBEYE
15 OCT 1950 - Mid-Pacific Contractors assumed the construction on EBEYE and completed on 12 DEC 1950.

Established:

KWADACK SEP 1944
EBEYE 16 OCT 1950 pre-commission status
EBEYE FEB 1951

Disestablished:

KWADACK FEB 1951
EBEYE 31 DEC 1977

Operated by:

USCG

Chain:

MARSHALL ISLANDS

Station Letter designation:

2L2 K
1H2 Y

Station code name:

 

Station Unit Number:

1944 - CG Unit 82
1950 - CG Unit 14-350555

1965 - CG UNit 14-40159
Navy Unit 824

Address: 1948 - Navy 824 FPO, San Francisco, CA
Box 21, San Francisco CA 96355

Radio Call Sign:

 

Station aka:

KWAJALEIN ATOLL, EBEYE ISLAND,  KWADACK, AUGUSTINE ISLAND

On-air testing date:

2L2 28 SEP 1944 - MAJURO
1L1 24 JAN 1951 - ENIWETOK

Operational date:

2L2 25 NOV 1944
1L1 011300Z MAR 1951 

Operations Ceased:

1H2 312400Z DEC 1977

Station Operation:

Single SLAVE/SECONDARY (SS)

Station pair:

2L2 MAJURO
1L1, 1H2 - ENIWETOK

Loran Rate:

2L2, 2L1, 1H2 

On-Air:

2L2, 25 NOV 1944 MAJURO
1L1, 011300Z MAR 1951 ENIWETOK
1H2, 1970 - ENIWETOK

Off-Air

2L2, 01 FEB 1951 Station relocated to EBEYE
1L1, 1970 Change of rate
1H2, 312400Z DEC 1977 Loran A phased out

Monitor Rate:

 

Equipment:

1944 - C Timers
OCT 1950 - T-137A Transmitters

Fall 1956 - new equipment installed

Personnel Allowance:

JAN 1953 LTJG, ETC, ET1, 4 ET3, CS1, EN1, EN2, FN, SN

Station Mascot: 1945 - Augie, Bruno and Tippy
1949 - Bill (Monkey)
1966 - Bruno, Benjo, Halfshot (dogs)
1968 - Bruno, Bridgett pups Monkey & Banana
1975 - Monkey, Ethel (dogs)

Miscellaneous:

1944 - Bos’n James Santee OINC of Contruction Detail
1944 - 1st station located on Kwadack Is - construction was delay due to misplaced construction and equipment materials. Ships were required to unload at Kwajalein and load supplies for the invasion of Saipan. The loran materials were located after a month or so and had to be transported by barge and small craft to the loran site.
16 AUG 1945 - DC to AC completed
1950 Station relocated to Ebeye Island
08 OCT 1950 - Nine CG enlisted arrived at EBEYE island for completion of station equipment instalation
020800Z DEC 1950 - On air testing for short periods
March 1953 Hydrogen bomb test
01 OCT 1957 - Mode 3 (semi-automation) commenced
1967 Name changed

05 JUN 1970 - Station commencted to Ebeye Power Plant
AUG 1971 - Station was furnished Air Conditioning

Commanding Officers / Officers in Charge

Kwadack Island
1st CO: LTJG Lamont A. Freeman 14 AUG 1944 1945
2nd CO: LTJG Francis X. Closter 1945 27 APR 1946
3rd CO: LT Charles Henter 27 APR 1946 6 JUL 1946
OINC: MoMM1/c B. F. Jones 6 JUL 1946 17 JUL 1946 (Acting)
4th CO: ENS/LTJG Neilus A. Spears 17 JUL 1946 14 APR 1947
5th CO: LTJG John Yurick 14 APR 1947 1 OCT 1947
6th CO: CETMZ Carl S. Pierce 1 OCT 1947 13 OCT 1947 (medical)
OINC: RE H. W. Banner 13 OCT 1947 24 NOV 1947 (Acting)
7th CO: CRE U. R. Suttie 24 NOV 1947

CO: LTJG L. D. High 1948
CO: LTJG Richard M. Underwood ? 2 SEP 1950
EBEYE Island
1st CO: ENS/LTJG Virgil W. Rhinehart 2 SEP 1950 - MAY 1951
2nd CO: LTJG Ricardo A. Ratti MAY 1951 - JUN 1952
CO: LTJG Bush - JUN 1952 - ? relieved due to illness
CO: LTJG Moss - 1952 - Temporary CO until replacement arrival
CO: LTJG Hugh G. Wyatt  1952 - 1953

CO: ENS Robert L. Tremain  1953 - 1954
CO: LTJG Robert C. Chanaud 1954 - 1955
CO: LTJG Allan A. Landry  1955 - 1956
CO: LTJG Fredric C. Sponholz  1956 - 1957
CO: LTJG John R. Erickson  1957 - APR 1958
CO: LTJG Donald L. Frantz  APR 1958 - 1959
CO: LTJG James H. Costich  1959 - 1960
CO: LTJG Clyde C. Atkins  1960 - 1961
CO: LTJG Wayne E. Rentfro  1961 - 1962
CO: LTJG James F. Meade  1962 - 1963
CO: LTJG William S. Haight  1963 - 1964
CO: LTJG Robert M. Pochman  1964 - 1965
CO: LTJG James V. O'Neill  1965 - 1966
CO: LTJG R. D. Peterson 1966 - APR 1968
CO: LTJG D. Bates APR 1968 - APR 1970
CO: LTJG Ronald B. Dale APR 1970 - APR 1971
CO: LTJG Amir Eiger APR 1971 - 1972
CO: LTJG David Dahlinger 1972 - FEB 1973
CO: LTJG James R. Reisz FEB 1973 - 1974
CO: LTJG William S. Ingersoll  1974 - 1975

CO: LTJG Bohlen 1975 - 1976
CO: LTJG Thomas Mielke 1976 - 1977
Last CO: LTJG Richard M. Sebek 1977 - 31 DEC 1977

Fred's Place Reunion Hall: 
Kwadack: Old New 
Ebeye: Old
  New

Change of Command; Letter of Relief:

02 SEP 1950 - LTjg Underwood / ENS Rinehart - pdf

Reflections:

Osmond R Cummings Reflections - AUG 1944 - DEC 1945 - pdf
1944 - Building the Loran Station at Kwadack by Eugene C. Sims - pdf

Retrieved from USCG Historian Office

 

Documents:
18 OCT 1948 - Operational Data Report - pdf
NOV-DEC 1948 - Correspondence concerning occupation authority for site - pdf
262002Z DEC 49 - Naval Activities transferred to Military Comand - pdf
10 FEB 1950 - Budget/Approval for Ham Radio Equipment - pdf
15 MAY 1950 - T-137A Budget Request - pdf
25 MAY 1950 - Proj 615-50 Funding - pdf
040427Z JUL 50 - Transfer of Funds msg - new construction on Ebeye - pdf
190004Z AUG 50 - Loran Station Construction Approval msg - pdf

09 OCT 1950 - Ebeye Pre-commission status - pdf
07 JUL 1956 - Overseas Loran Station Survey - pdf
10 JUN 1959 - Army/Navy MOU - pdf
1965 - General Information Book - pdf
1975 - General Information Book - pdf
182356Z NOV 77 - State Department Micronesian Status Negotiations - pdf

DEC 1977 - Correspondence for Press Coverage of decommissioning of station - pdf

Pictures  Click on picture for larger image

Loran Station Kwajalein (Ebeye Island)

Picture from google earth.

Loran Station Kwajalien circa 1970

Loran Station Kwajalein circa 1970
c./1970

The below photo were located at NARA Washington, DC
USCG Official Photos

Kwadack c./Sep 1944

Kwadack c./ May 1946

Kwadack c./Feb 1948

Ebeye - unloading construction supplies c./Apr 1950

#Photo below contributed by A. A. Rossi c./1964

Kwajalein, MI (Ebeye)  XO AA Rossi 1964

Standing next to a WWII Japanese gun


Myself and engineer re-lighting the Kwajalein approach bouy - 1964

Thanks Al!

 

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